The growing 'multilocality' of rural households and livelihoods, prompted by globalization and the expansion of markets, is likely to have profound effects on who governs forests and how forests are governed, and the consequences for people and forests.
Globalisations in a nutshell: Historical perspectives on the changing governance of the shea commodity chain in northern Ghana
Pre-colonial patterns of trade in West Africa included exchanges of shea in periodic local and regional markets.
This paper takes an existing theoretical framework developed by Agarwal (2001) and applies it to examine two questions: (1) What determines women's participation in forestry institutions? and (2) What effect does women's participation have on institutional outcomes (such as levels of conflict and rule fairness)?.
CIFOR Proposal Development Guidelines for Integrating Gender: Does your proposal demonstrate appropriate attention to gender issues?
As a CIFOR researcher, you are now being asked to actively consider whether and how gender is relevant to your research.
CIFOR Proposal Assessment Tool on Gender for Managers or Reviewers: Has this proposal demonstrated appropriate attention to gender issues?
CIFOR scientists are now asked to consider whether and how gender is relevant to their research. Consequently, youmust assess proposals for how well they communicate appropriately to gender issues.
Overall, this strategy views gender integration in research as a fundamental part of doing good science and integrates gender analysis and research into each of the five components/research programs of the CGIAR Research Program Forests, Trees and Agroforestry.
Women continue to be disadvantaged by insecure access and property rights to forest, trees and land resources, by discrimination and by exclusion from decision making processes. Clearly, effective gender inclusion not only enhances the prospects for sustainable forest and tree management, but provides a solid foundation for more equitable benefit distribution, household food security and nutrition.
Gender roles are the socially defined tasks, responsibilities and behaviors. There are significant gaps in research at understanding how the roles and responsibilities of men and women could improve sustainable forest management. Addressing these gaps will be vital to improve forest management policies.
The United Nations General Assembly defines sustainable forest management as a "dynamic and evolving concept, which aims to maintain andenhance the economic, social and environmental values of all types of forests ..."
We should not act as if we know for certain how to achieve sustainable management and use of forests.
In Brazil's Amazon, the voices of forest women are rarely heard.
We have found that an integrated approach to conservation is what works. We introduced better ways to grow the food local people wanted, microcredit programmes especially for women, better health facilities, and environmental education.
Forest destruction remains one of the biggest environmental challenges facing Kenya, and the media are crucial in raising awareness of it.
Women's participation in decision making in forest committees has been demonstrated to increase forest sustainability.
The traditional leaders accept me because I am a woman who advocates for their rights. … But also as a woman I face limitations because only male elders can attend traditional gatherings.
Gender analysis is integral to CIFOR's aspiration to analyse issues in ways that are reliably inclusive of the perspectives of women and other less powerful stakeholders. Our work has demonstrated that men's and women's knowledge and use of forest species is extensive and differentiated. It has quantified impacts on men's and women's livelihoods that result from their differing access, use and management of forest products. And it has spotlighted the importance of including women in forest resource governance.
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