logo Thinking beyond the canopy


The following PEN-related publications are authored by PEN partners or PEN resource people, names in bold, and use PEN methods and/or data, or were at least partly funded by PEN

Angelsen, A., H. O. Larsen, Lund, J.F., Smith-Hall, C. And Wunder, S. (2011).  Measuring livelihoods and environmental dependence: methods for research and fieldwork. Edinburgh, UK, Earthscan.
Rahman, S. A., F. Rahman, (2011). Managing Forest at a Landscape Scale: Reconciling Smallholder Forest Culture in the Uplands of Eastern Bangladesh. Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrucken, Germany.
Rahman, S. A., (2011). Cost-benefit and Livelihood Impacts of Agroforestry in Bangladesh. Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrucken, Germany.

Book chapter or section

Hogarth, N.J. (2011). Fungi, livelihoods and micro-economics: the PEN methodology. Box 9.2, pp 182-183 In: Cunningham, A.B. and Yang, X. (eds.) Mushrooms in forests and woodlands: resource management, values and local livelihoods. Earthscan.
Jagger, P.(2010). Chapter 5: Forest sector reform, livelihoods and sustainability in western Uganda. In: German, L., Karsenty, A. and Tiani, A. M. (eds); Governing Africa's forests in a globalized world. Routledge (Earthscan Publications Ltd?), and Center for International Forestry Research?, Bogor, Indonesia. Pp. 103-125.
Hegde, R. and Bull G.Q. (2008). Economic shocks and Miombo woodland resource use: a household level study in Mozambique. In: Dewees, ed. Managing the Miombo woodlands of Southern Africa; Policies, incentives and options for the rural poor. Technical Annex 4. World Bank Sustainable Development Department Environment and Natural Resources Management Unit, Africa Region. Washington, D.C. Pp 80 - 105
Rahman, S. A., de Groot, W. and Snelder, D.J. (2008). Chapter 11. Exploring the Agroforestry Adoption Gap: Financial and Socioeconomics of Litchi-Based Agroforestry by Smallholders in Rajshahi (Bangladesh). In: Snelder, D. J. and Lasco, R.D. (eds.): Smallholder Tree Growing for Rural Development and Environmental Services: Lessons from Asia. Advances in Agroforestry, Vol. 5. Springer, Netherlands. Pp. 227-244.